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Candidates  Vice Presidential Third Party Candidates   Withdrawn Candidates (click for pop-ups)
George W. Bush   Dick Cheney (GOP) Harry Browne (Libertarian) John McCain Bill Bradley
Al Gore Joe Lieberman (Dem.) John Hagelin (Natural Law) Steve Forbes Donald Trump
Pat Buchanan Ezola Foster (Reform) Howard Phillips (Constitution)   Gary Bauer Orrin Hatch
Ralph Nader Winona_LaDuke (Green)   David McReynolds (Socialist)   Bob Smith Elizabeth Dole
      Dan Quayle Lamar Alexander
      John Kasich Paul Wellstone
Al Gore on Foreign Policy
Click here for 31 full quotes OR click here for 3 older headlines OR click here for 10 headlines about Nuclear Energy & Weapons OR click here for Al Gore on other issues.
  • Vietnam: Trade will improve human rights & help with MIAs. (Oct 18)
  • Chernomyrdin Commission produced results despite corruption. (Oct 13)
  • Supported force in Mideast, Balkans, Haiti, not Somalia. (Oct 11)
  • US bonds with Israel endure; we should broker. (Oct 11)
  • Rwandan genocide: no military, but more humanitarian aid. (Oct 11)
  • Haiti: Intervention gave them a chance at democracy. (Oct 11)
  • Cuba: Hard-liner on Castro; keep sanctions. (Oct 4)
  • North Korea: Continue exploring rapprochement. (Oct 4)
  • Russia: US’s abiding interest, but troubled by Putin. (Oct 4)
  • Russia’s transition is accomplishment, if over-optimistic. (Jun 4)
  • Africa: give the poorest countries a hand up. (Apr 30)
  • Chechnya: Keep aid that helps US; cut off aid that helps war. (Jan 26)
  • Mantle of leadership means responding to violence abroad. (Oct 1999)
  • Supports New Security Agenda and Third-World debt relief. (Sep 30)


  • Gore supports vigorous intervention abroad; Bush less so. (Oct 30)
  • The world is looking to US for leadership. (Oct 11)
  • The power of example is America’s greatest power. (Oct 11)
  • Nation-building: preferable to WWIII, and a stunning success. (Oct 4)
  • UN treaties are effective means for US to help Third World. (Aug 20)
  • New Security Agenda: keep old; build new; avoid isolation. (Apr 30)
  • Strong defense for world leader; tie defense to other issues. (Jan 1)
  • Intervention requires national interest, by our values. (Oct 1999)
  • Pay UN dues, as leader of the world. (Oct 1999)


  • Palestine: Arafat should restrain protest violence. (Oct 15)
  • Iraq: Support opposition to overthrow Saddam. (Oct 11)
  • Don’t let OPEC take advantage of Americans. (Sep 20)
  • Israel: support full UN participation. (May 23)
  • Iraq: support Saddam’s opposition, until he’s gone. (May 23)
  • Committed to the survival & security of Israel. (Mar 3)
  • Supported continuing 1998 air strikes in Iraq. (Dec 1998)
  • Supported Bush’s 1991 bombing of Iraq. (Dec 1998)
David McReynolds on Foreign Policy
Click here for 4 full quotes OR click here for 3 headlines about United Nations OR click here for David McReynolds on other issues.
  • Eliminate most foreign aid; it’s only for disasters. (May 2)
  • Oppose IMF, World Bank, and WTO. (Jan 1)
  • East Timor: force Indonesia to control their militias. (Sep 1999)
  • Create non-US-based international peackkeepers. (May 1999)
Dick Cheney on Foreign Policy
Click here for 21 full quotes OR click here for 11 headlines about Mideast OR click here for Dick Cheney on other issues.
  • Need leadership and trust to make progress in middle east. (Oct 5)
  • Serbs deserve credit - Russia and US should support them. (Oct 5)
  • US too soft on Iraq. (Sep 21)
  • Iran: against sanctions; makes oil deals there. (Jul 26)
  • Cuba: replace sanctions with free trade enclave. (Jul 26)
  • Voted to support foreign aid programs. (Jul 26)
  • South Africa: Voted against apartheid sanctions in 1980s. (Jul 24)
  • Congress intereferes too much in designing foreign policy. (Feb 29)
  • Include former Soviet states in NATO for stability. (Jan 1997)
  • Gulf War results: stable Arabs; secure Israel; confident US. (Apr 1991)
  • Critical of Israeli policy which opposes US interests. (Jul 1989)
  • Supports balance in supplying arms to both Israel & Arabs. (Jul 1989)
  • Aiding Contras good; using money from Iran bad. (Jul 1989)
  • Supported 1986 Libya bombing. (Jul 1989)
  • Israel: Displeased with 1982 invasion of Lebanon. (Jul 1989)
  • Outraged that Israel spied on US in 1980s. (Jul 1989)
  • Mideast peace process must include Palestinian statehood. (Jul 1989)
  • Against Boland Amend.& Panama Treaty; for Campd David accord. (Jan 1988)
  • Voted against South Africa sanctions; for AWACs to Arabia. (Jan 1986)
  • Supported foreign aid to Latin America & Africa. (Jan 1986)
  • Hard-liner towards Soviet Union in 1980s. (Jan 1984)
Ezola Foster on Foreign Policy
Click here for 3 full quotes OR click here for 48 headlines from Buchanan's book A Republic, Not an Empire OR click here for Ezola Foster on other issues.
  • Says John Birch Society are “a wonderful group of people”. (Aug 18)
  • American sovereignty is extremely important. (Aug 13)
  • Calls for military to aid in halting illegal immigration. (Jun 1999)
George W. Bush on Foreign Policy
Click here for 42 full quotes OR click here for 7 older headlines OR click here for 9 headlines about Nuclear Energy & Weapons OR click here for George W. Bush on other issues.
  • Bush says get out of Haiti; we’re already out. (Oct 19)
  • Vietnam: Trade better for human rights than sanctions. (Oct 18)
  • Supported force in Mideast & Balkans, not Haiti & Somalia. (Oct 11)
  • Calls on Arafat to pull back and make peace with Israel. (Oct 11)
  • Rwandan genocide: Training troops OK; intervening not OK. (Oct 11)
  • Africa’s important but not a priority; no nation-building. (Oct 11)
  • Keep troops in Korea & NATO; not in Haiti & Balkans. (Oct 11)
  • Puerto Rico: Back statehood if majority votes for it. (Sep 20)
  • Keep tradition of showing opposition to Castro. (Sep 11)
  • Will keep sanctions against Cuba. (Aug 25)
  • US will be a friend to Latin American democracies. (Aug 25)
  • Patrol borders, but also invest in Latin America. (Aug 25)
  • More trade with India; help out in East Timor. (Apr 2)
  • Africa: Rally world to help AIDS, but not with US funds. (Jan 10)
  • Honor Panama Canal treaty, but keep canal open. (Jan 7)
  • Texas governorship provides foreign policy experience. (Dec 1999)
  • Mexico: Free trade, but with more border patrols. (Oct 1998)


  • Bush compromises between internationalists and isolationists. (Oct 30)
  • Aid should encourage markets & reform; unlike Russian IMF. (Oct 11)
  • US should humbly empower other countries, not dictate. (Oct 11)
  • America should be a humble nation, but project strength. (Oct 11)
  • Vital interests: US or allies threatened; we can win & exit. (Oct 3)
  • US troops will never be under UN command. (Oct 1)
  • Less intervention abroad and unilateral nuclear cuts at home. (Sep 30)
  • Reform UN & IMF; strengthen NATO. (Apr 2)
  • Brokering peace requires diligence and patience. (Mar 15)
  • America should speak loudly and carry a big stick. (Dec 1999)
  • America should act as the leader of the free world. (Dec 1999)
  • Foreign policy with a touch of iron & a sharpened sword. (Nov 1999)


  • Arafat should limit protests; terrorists should pay a price. (Oct 15)
  • Iraq: Rebuild coalition to pressure Saddam. (Oct 11)
  • Reach out to moderate Arab nations. (Oct 11)
  • Israel’s capital should be in Jerusalem. (Aug 28)
  • Israel: America should be a stronger friend. (May 23)
  • Pressure Saudis to keep oil prices low. (Jan 26)


  • Chernomyrdin Commission: Gore ignored corruption. (Oct 13)
  • Chernomyrdin threatens to sue Bush for slander re corruption. (Oct 13)
  • Russia nukes: demand inventory; pay for dismantling. (Apr 2)
  • Russia funding: replace IMF loans with $ to people. (Apr 2)
  • Pressure Russia financially to ease up on Chechnya. (Apr 2)
  • Hopes Putin will stay committed to reform & democracy. (Mar 27)
  • Focus on Big Three: Russia, China, & India. (Dec 1999)
Harry Browne on Foreign Policy
Click here for 13 full quotes OR click here for 3 older headlines OR click here for 5 headlines about Foreign Aid OR click here for Harry Browne on other issues.
  • Non-interference should be basis principle. (Sep 9)
  • Israel: stop arming their neighbors, but end foreign aid too. (Sep 9)
  • End foreign aid to individual countries as well as agencies. (Jan 13)
  • Mideast: End meddling with embargoes & peace negotiations. (Jan 13)
  • Exit UN; extend diplomatic relations to all countries. (Jan 13)
  • Bring US troops home from 100 countries overseas. (Aug 1999)
  • Military involvement often fails even when US “wins”. (Jun 1999)
  • Illegal war actions set precedents for more future wars. (Jun 1999)
  • Moral responsibility implies constant war. (May 1999)
  • Russia: No aid; no meddling; just free trade. (May 1996)
  • Replace all government aid with free trade. (May 1996)
  • Avoid arms trade; promote peace by free trade. (May 1996)
  • Govt’s role is to discourage attacks; not police the world. (Jul 1995)
Howard Phillips on Foreign Policy
Click here for 5 full quotes OR click here for 5 headlines about United Nations OR click here for Howard Phillips on other issues.
  • Exit IMF & World Bank. (Sep 20)
  • Strong defense but less involvement abroad. (Sep 20)
  • Foreign aid is unconstitutional. (Jan 13)
  • Reduce federal foreign policy role. (Jan 13)
  • Panama Canal: Keep US in; keep China out. (Sep 1999)
John Hagelin on Foreign Policy
Click here for 8 full quotes OR click here for 2 headlines about Foreign Aid OR click here for John Hagelin on other issues.
  • Shift foreign aid from military basis to know-how basis. (Jan 13)
  • Ease off Iraq; maintain Israeli peace process. (Jan 13)
  • Pay debt to UN; diplomacy with Cuba. (Jan 13)
  • Change from defense-based foreign aid to development-based. (Sep 1999)
  • US is the merchant of death through arms sales. (Aug 1996)
  • US needs life-supporting foreign policy. (Aug 1996)
  • Peace-keeping technology needed, without guns. (Aug 1996)
  • Bring troops home; defend from within our borders. (Jul 1996)
Joseph Lieberman on Foreign Policy
Click here for 7 full quotes OR click here for 6 headlines about Mideast OR click here for Joseph Lieberman on other issues.
  • Tighten Cuban trade embargo but help exiles. (Oct 24)
  • US must not withdraw troops and retreat into isolationism. (Oct 23)
  • Cuba Libre, Free Cuba!. (Oct 23)
  • Gore will continue critical role in peace process. (Oct 5)
  • US helped depose Milosevic and should continue to help Serbs. (Oct 5)
  • Iran: Enforce non-proliferation on Russia & others. (Feb 22)
  • Supported NATO expansion; arms to Israel & Saudis. (Jan 1)
Pat Buchanan on Foreign Policy
Click here for 34 full quotes OR click here for 21 older headlines OR click here for 9 headlines about Sovereignty OR click here for Pat Buchanan on other issues.
  • Doesn’t matter to US whose flag flies over Jerusalem. (Oct 18)
  • Account for losses before any third-world debt forgiveness. (Apr 24)
  • Iraq: end sanctions that kill kids, or pay price later. (Mar 24)
  • Cuba: Siege mentality is pillar of power; end embargo. (Dec 1999)
  • Russia: Offer EU membership instead of encirclement. (Oct 1999)
  • Israel: Provide for self-defense, but concede land for peace. (Oct 1999)
  • Palestine: a flag, a land, a capital in Jerusalem. (Oct 1999)
  • Iran & Iraq: Abandon dual containment strategy. (Oct 1999)
  • Japan: share burdens(defense) & benefits(trade) equitably. (Oct 1999)
  • Korea: Replace US troops with Koreans. (Oct 1999)
  • Puerto Rico: No statehood; eventual independence. (Oct 1999)
  • Quebec: Offer seceding provinces alliances or statehood. (Oct 1999)
  • Latin America: Support Monroe Doctrine but exit Rio Pact. (Oct 1999)
  • Poland: NATO membership implies nuclear defense. (Oct 1999)
  • Logistical help OK in East Timor, but no ground troops. (Sep 1999)
  • Israeli lobby should not dominate Mideast policy. (Sep 1999)


  • Kick UN out of US by 2001; use Marines to “help pack”. (Sep 18)
  • All US troops out of Europe by end of first term. (Mar 24)
  • Struggle against emerging world government. (Jan 6)
  • Base alliances on their view of US; not on democracy status. (Oct 1999)
  • Independence, not isolationism. (Oct 1999)
  • Globalist Elites have not yielded their empire. (Oct 1999)
  • Practice “masterly inactivity,” not “entangling alliances”. (Oct 1999)
  • Push US foreign policy toward isolationism. (Sep 1999)
  • Withdraw from UN; Kyoto Treaty; Rome Treaty. (May 1999)
  • End foreign aid; withdraw from most of IMF. (May 1999)

    History & Philosophy

  • Armenia: History shows national interest trumps atrocities. (May 30)
  • Hitler was no threat to US; sought mastery of Europe only. (Oct 1999)
  • FDR forced Japan to attack US as back door to WWII. (Oct 1999)
  • Kuwait War benefited Iran; not US. (Oct 1999)
  • American leaders obsessed with Jewish influence. (Sep 1999)
  • Hitler was no direct threat to the US after 1940. (Sep 1999)
  • Give GOP credit for Reagan’s ending of the Cold War. (Aug 1992)


  • Israelis are our friends; but must bear some responsibility. (Oct 27)
Ralph Nader on Foreign Policy
Click here for 9 full quotes OR click here for 3 headlines about Cuba OR click here for Ralph Nader on other issues.
  • Wage peace and anticipate conflicts abroad. (Oct 8)
  • Forget “hot spots”; ask “How did we get into this?”. (Jun 25)
  • Redefine national purpose to solve Third World scourges. (Jun 25)
  • Support foreign peasants instead of foreign dictators. (Jun 25)
  • Support social and economic justice across the globe. (Jun 25)
  • Assist Russia & Israel in moving towards better governments. (Jun 25)
  • Iraq: Trade sanctions strengthen Saddam. (May 16)
  • Selling arms is not a good way to conduct foreign affairs. (Feb 23)
  • Cuba: corporate sales of junk undermines their system. (Feb 23)
Winona LaDuke on Foreign Policy
Click here for 5 full quotes OR click here for 4 headlines about Foreign Aid OR click here for Winona LaDuke on other issues.
  • State Department opposes human rights of indigenous peoples. (Jun 25)
  • Support social and economic justice across the globe. (Jun 25)
  • Assist Russia & Israel in moving towards better governments. (Jun 25)
  • Opposes military aid to Colombia. (May 23)
  • Calls for closing of School of the Americas. (Apr 25)


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